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HAZARDS OF SCATTERED RADIATION

Hazards of Scattered Radiation

A rise in the use of fluroscopic techniques in medical procedures means that surgeons and theatre personnel are increasingly exposed to the harmful effects of scattered radiation. Specialised garments and gloves are critical for healthcare workers to protect themselves against medical radiation exposure.

Ansell's Radiation Attenuation Gloves provide fluoroscopy radiation protection and help healthcare workers to achieve radiation exposure that is As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA).

Radiation Risk

Rising procedure rates increase radiation risk for healthcare professionals

  • Exposure of healthcare professionals (HCPs) to Ionising radiation is inevitable during fluoroscopy procedures
  • With the number and complexity of fluoroscopic procedures increasing, staff are exposed to more radiation than ever before.12
  • Even when primary-beam exposure can be avoided, exposure from scattered radiation can be very high during interventional procedures.3

Ionising radiation can cause cancers and genetic mutations
Deterministic effects245

  • High doses damage living tissue, resulting in erythema, skin burns, cataracts, radiation sickness, hair loss, cancer and death.
  • A minimum defined number of cells must be damaged before effects are observed.

Stochastic effects246

  • Low doses tend to damage or alter DNA, and may lead to cancer and genetic mutations.
  • There is no threshold dose, stochastic effects are considered to occur at all radiation doses.
  • These effects may have a long latent period, sometimes decades, following exposures.

HCPs repeatedly exposed to ionising radiation are at a greater risk since exposure is cumulative.47

Hands are often closest to the radiation but the least protected

  • Higher doses of radiation often reach the hands compared to the rest of the body,7 yet they are the least likely body part to be protected.9
  • Exposure to the hands is a significant factor in overall radiation risk for HCPs performing high-dose fluoroscopy guided intervention procedures.10
  • To minimise the risk of radiation, hand protection is a must.

View the full list of References contained in the Hazards of Scattered Radiation section

Ansell’s Solution

Always wear Radiation Protection Gloves

Radiation Protection Gloves (RPGs) are designed to attenuate scattered radiation and can reduce the hand dose received during fluroscopic procedures by more than half.

Get the protection you deserve

Ansell's Radiation Attenuation Gloves reduce hand exposure by up to 58%**

  • Excellent attenuation of scattered radiation during fluoroscopic procedures*
  • Front and back-of-hand-protection unlike some other RPGs
  • Registered as a surgical glove with the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration) for use as an outer glove
  • - Many other RPGs must be worn as an underglove
  • Do not contain lead - Made with bismuth oxide for a lighter, non-toxic, more environmentally friendly and readily disposable glove
  • Revolutionary thin film design provides dexterity, sensitivity, comfort, optimised grip and reduces hand fatigue
  • Powder-free to minimise contamination and reduce reactions in patients and staff

*Caution: This glove is designed to protect the hands from scattered radiation exposure originating from the X-ray beam during fluoroscopic procedures. It is not intended for use in primary X-ray beams.
** Skin-dose reduction of 58% recorded with beam energy level of 60 kVp.

View more information about Ansell’s Radiation Attenuation Gloves
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Case study

Overview

The effects or radiation exposure may have a long latent period (sometimes decades following exposure). In February 2011, the Journal of Interventional Cardiology published an article titled "Cutaneous Cancers in an Interventional Cardiologist: A Cautionary Tale". This case study documented a 50-year-old interventional cardiologist who was diagnosed with a disabling ionising radiation related illness (multiple basal cell carcinoma syndrome).

This case study highlights the need for interventional cardiologists or other healthcare professionals in close/ frequent contact with ioninsing radiation to re-evaluate the level of protection they are receiving from their current protective gear.

Patient Details

Occupation:

Interventional Cardiologist

Age:

50

History:

41 skin lesions treated between 2005 and 2009; 20-year history of occupational exposure to scattered ionising radiation.

Diagnosis:

Disabling ionising radiation-related illness (multiple basal cell carcinoma syndrome)

Treatment:

Surgical excisions
Photodynamic therapy
Topical retinoids

For more information please refer to the case study article:
Eagan JT Jr and Jones CT. Cutaneous cancers in an interventional cardiologist: a cautionary tale.
Journal of Interventional Cardiology 2011; 24(1):49-55.